General CommentThis is a re-write of the Greek myth of Orpheus and his wife Eurydice.Although Cave altered the content of the myth. Both components are main-sequence stars, the primary being late F-type and the secondary late G-type. When Orpheus fell in love with Eurydice, he wooed her with his song. , Another easy-to-spot variable is the bright R Lyrae, north of the main asterism. It also deals with a figure from Greek mythology, Oedipus, in a violent, comedic way, the meter is exactly the same, and the chorus is directly lifted from the poem. It was said to be so beautiful, he could charm fish out of the water, summon birds from the skies, lure wild beasts out of the forests and coax trees and rocks into dancing. Lyra is nearly overhead in temperate northern latitudes shortly after midnight at the start of summer. Who is the Roman equivalent of the Greek god Ares?  At 1.5 days, its period was the shortest known for a classical Cepheid at the time of its discovery. Vol. Orpheus picked up his lyre for the last time He was on a real low down bummer And stared deep into the abyss and said This one is for Mamma. , In the extreme east is RR Lyrae, the prototype of the large class of variables known as RR Lyrae variables, which are pulsating variables similar to Cepheids, but are evolved population II stars of spectral types A and F. Such stars are usually not found in a galaxy's thin disk, but rather in the galactic halo.  The outer part of the nebula appears red in photographs because of emission from ionized hydrogen. A wreath is resting on his head and Thracian soldiers wearing long robes are listening, some with their eyes closed.  In Wales, Lyra is known as King Arthur's Harp (Talyn Arthur), and King David's harp. Orpheus was a lyrist (a player of the lyre), singer, and poet. According to a source, his music had the ability to charm the animals and make the trees dance. VIEW. Lesson by … Corrections? Down, down, down by a winding path Orpheus went. Updates? , In orbit around the orange subgiant star HD 177830 is one of the earliest exoplanets to be detected. Moreover, many operas, songs and plays have been composed to honour these two great lovers who tragically lost the chance to enjoy their love. Thracian in origin, Orpheus is, in many ways, the archetype of the musician and poet in Greek mythology. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In Greek mythology, Lyra represents the lyre of Orpheus.  Originally classified as a VY Sculptoris star due to spending most time at maximum brightness, since around 1979 the system has been dominantly at minimum brightness, with periodic outbursts. The afterglow re-brightened at 33 minutes after the original burst, only the third found to exhibit such an effect in the timeframe, and unable to be completely explained by known phenomena. , At the very northernmost edge of the constellation is the even fainter V361 Lyrae, an eclipsing binary that does not easily fall into one of the traditional classes, with features of Beta Lyrae, W Ursae Majoris, and cataclysmic variables. ORPHEUS IN GREEK MYTHOLOGY Orpheus in Greek Mythology Orpheus was the most famous musician spoken of in the tales of Greek mythology. The brighter and closer of the two, Delta2 Lyrae, is a 4th-magnitude red bright giant that varies semiregularly by around 0.2 magnitudes with a dominant period of 79 days, while the fainter Delta1 Lyrae is a spectroscopic binary consisting of a B-type primary and an unknown secondary. Joining Jason and the Argonauts, his music was able to quell the voices of the dangerous Sirens, who sang tempting songs to the Argonauts. Light Curves and Periods", "Spectroscopy and eclipse-mapping of the mass-exchanging binary star V361 LYR", "Late-type members of young stellar kinematic groups - I. (Classical Myth & Legend) Greek myth a poet and lyre-player credited with the authorship of the poems forming the basis of Orphism. Traditionally, Orpheus was the son of a Muse (probably Calliope, the patron of epic poetry) and Oeagrus, a king of Thrace (other versions give Apollo). His lyre they had placed in the heavens as a constellation. English astronomer John Flamsteed observed and labelled two stars each as delta, epsilon, zeta and nu. The hottest region, closest to the central star, appears blue because of emission from helium.  Also just visible to the naked eye is the peculiar classical Cepheid V473 Lyrae. In despair over the death of his wife Eurydice, Orpheus visited Hades where he appealed to the Gods of … , NGC 6791 is a cluster of stars in Lyra. , Another evolved star is the naked-eye variable XY Lyrae, a red bright giant just north of Vega that varies between 6th and 7th magnitudes over a period of 120 days. Traditionally, Orpheus was the son of a Muse (probably Calliope, the patron of epic poetry) and Oeagrus, a king of Thrace (other versions give Apollo). He moved Hades and Persephone with his lyre.  Even further north is FL Lyrae, a much fainter 9th-magnitude Algol variable that drops by half a magnitude every 2.18 days during the primary eclipse. At the time of its discovery, it was one of the hottest known exoplanets, in orbit around the F-type main-sequence star WASP-3. Vega was the pole star in the year 12,000 BCE, and will again become the pole star around 14,000 CE. Abattoir Blues / The Lyre of Orpheus Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds. When he died, his lyre was thrown into a river. The central star itself is a white dwarf with a temperature of 120,000 kelvins. Orpheus and his lyre Orpheus was a talented musician.  The easternmost star designated by Flamsteed, 19 Lyrae, is also a small-amplitude variable, an Alpha2 Canum Venaticorum variable with a period of just over one day. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. From the equator to about the 40th parallel south it is visible low in the northern sky during the same (thus winter) months. Lyra was often represented on star maps as a vulture or an eagle carrying a lyre, and hence is sometimes referred to as Vultur Cadens or Aquila Cadens ("Falling Vulture" or "Falling Eagle"), respectively. Dionysus then sent his followers to rip Orpheus apart. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Orpheus joined the expedition of the Argonauts, saving them from the music of the Sirens by playing his own, more powerful music. According to Eratosthenes, Orpheus failed to make a necessary sacrifice to Dionysus due to his regard for Apollo as the supreme deity instead. The secondary, originally the less massive of the two, has accreted so much mass that it is now substantially more massive, albeit smaller, than the primary, and is surrounded by a thick accretion disk. Also known as 13 Lyrae, it is a 4th-magnitude red giant semiregular variable that varies by several tenths of a magnitude. , The brightest star not included in the asterism and the westernmost cataloged by Bayer or Flamsteed is Kappa Lyrae, a typical red giant around 73 parsecs distant. Anyone could tell the couple was deeply in love. He came at last to the great gate that opens upon the World of the Dead. In Greek mythology, Lyra represents the lyre of Orpheus. Brendan Pelsue shares the tragic myth of Orpheus and Eurydice. Originally thought to be possibly due to the presence of an Earth-like planet, it is now accepted that the irregularities are due to a large starspot. Orpheus's music was said to be so great that even inanimate objects such as trees, streams, and rocks could be charmed. Nick Cave & The Bad Seeds - The Lyre Of Orpheus - YouTube Orpheus sat gloomy in his garden shedWondering what to doWith a lump of wood, a piece of wireAnd a little …  It was discovered in 1779 by Antoine Darquier, 15 years after Charles Messier discovered the Dumbbell Nebula.  Also discovered by the transit method is WASP-3b, with 1.75 times the mass of Jupiter. Such stars serve as standard candles, and thus are a reliable way to calculate distances to the globular clusters in which they reside. He was said to live near Mount Olympus, and could often be found singing there.  Both systems, however, have very similar radial velocities, and are the two brightest members of a sparse open cluster known as the Delta Lyrae cluster. Omissions? But then she said no. Orpheus’s singing and playing were so beautiful that animals and even trees and rocks moved about him in dance. , M57, also known as the "Ring Nebula" and NGC 6720, at a distance of 2,000 light-years from Earth is one of the best known planetary nebulae and the second to be discovered; its integrated magnitude is 8.8. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. It is unique in that it is the only known Cepheid in the Milky Way to undergo periodic phase and amplitude changes, analogous to the Blazhko effect in RR Lyrae stars. , German cartographer Johann Bayer used the Greek letters alpha through nu to label the most prominent stars in the constellation. His parents were the king of Thrace Oeagrus and the muse Calliope. Orpheus's music was said to be so great that even inanimate objects such as trees, streams, and rocks could be charmed. , Vega also forms one vertex of a much smaller triangle, along with Epsilon and Zeta Lyrae. His head, still singing, with his lyre, floated to Lesbos, where an oracle of Orpheus was established. Detected from a transit of its parent star, the planet has around 3/4 the mass of Jupiter, yet orbits its parent star in only three days. A jovian-mass planet, it orbits in an eccentric orbit with a period of 390 days. So when their wedding ceremony ended in Eurydice's untimely death, Orpheus had no choice but to venture into the underworld to try to reclaim his lost love. MV Lyrae", "A preliminary analysis of the planetary nebula central star V477 Lyrae", "NASA - What's My Age?  Vega was the first star other than the Sun to be photographed, as well as the first to have a clear spectrum recorded, showing absorption lines for the first time.  Its nature is still not fully understood.  The light curve observed over the next 100 days was consistent with that of a supernova or even a hypernova, dubbed SN 2005nc.  The true nova HR Lyrae flared in 1919 to a maximum magnitude of 6.5, over 9.5 magnitudes higher than in quiescence. To reclaim her, Orpheus entered the Underworld, where the music from his lyre charmed Hades.  The transits have been reported to have anomalies multiple times. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Unfortunately, before their wedding, Orpheus's brother, Aristaeus loved Eurydike and wanted to marry her. The Lyre of Orpheus may refer to: The lyre belonging to the legendary Greek figure Orpheus The Lyre of Orpheus (novel), a novel by Robertson Davies Abattoir Blues/The Lyre of Orpheus, an album by Nick Cave and the Bad Seeds, or the song "The Lyre of Orpheus" Another picture.  Astronomers have determined that it is between 6,000 and 8,000 years old; it is approximately one light-year in diameter. Both components are themselves close binaries which can be seen with telescopes to consist of A- and F-type stars, and a faint star was recently found to orbit component C as well, for a total of five stars. Single stars", "Elemental abundance analyses with DAO spectrograms - XIX. Orpheus’s singing and playing were so beautiful that … His music and grief so moved Hades, king of the underworld, that Orpheus was allowed to take Eurydice with him back to the world of life and light. He could charm rocks and rivers with his music.  It is the prototype of the Beta Lyrae variables, eclipsing semidetached binaries of early spectral types in which there are no exact onsets of eclipses, but rather continuous changes in brightness. , The final star forming the lyre's figure is Beta Lyrae, also a binary composed of a blue bright giant and an early B-type star. Based on the myth of Orpheus and Eurydice, the show is filled with vibrant characters woven into a modern love story, thanks to the stage adaptation of the 2010 folk opera concept album by singer-songwriter Anaïs Mitchell. He even forgot to bless the happy couple, bemused by the fact that he couldnt ligh… In some later Christian tombs, Orpheus is shown delivering the Sermon on the Mount or acting as “the Good Shepherd” (C. Scott Littleton, Gods, goddesses, and mythology, Volume 5, 1058) He added pi and rho, not using xi and omicron as Bayer used these letters to denote Cygnus and Hercules on his map.. He failed to win her back and was killed by a band of bacchantes One of the first discovered by the mission is Kepler-7b, an extremely low-density exoplanet with less than half the mass of Jupiter, yet nearly 1.5 times the radius. ^ Fritz Graf and Sarah Iles Johnston, Ritual Texts for the Afterlife: Orpheus and the Bacchic Gold Tablets (Routledge, 2007), p. 167, while taking note of depictions in Greek art, particularly vase painting, that show Orpheus attired as a Greek, often in contrast to those in Thracian dress around him. He married Eurydice and sought her in Hades after her death.  The International Astronomical Union (IAU) adopted the three-letter abbreviation "Lyr" for the constellation in 1922. Overcome with grief, Orpheus ventured himself to the land of the dead to attempt to bring Eurydice back to life. This is a replica of an ancient Greek lyre, named after the legendary musician, poet, and oracle Orpheus, father of the “Orphic mysteries”. [n 2] Its main asterism consists of six stars,[n 3] and 73 stars in total are brighter than magnitude 6.5. Some of its characteristics are similar to those of recurring novae. Hades relented and let Orpheus bring Eurydice back, on the condition that he never once look back until outside.  W and S Lyrae are two of the many Mira variables in Lyra. Orpheus was the son of the Thracian King Oeagrus and the muse Calliope. Hades set one condition, however: upon leaving the land of death, both Orpheus and Eurydice were forbidden to look back. It was the god Apollo who taught Orpheus how to play the lyre when he was an adolescent. Astronomers do not know if the collision was simply a glancing blow or a prelude to a full-on merger, which would end with the two galaxies incorporated into one larger, probably elliptical galaxy. The Orpheus myth is unusual because it lacks the defining narrative arc that drives Greek tragedy: a hero undone by his fatal flaw.  Similar to TrES-1b, irregularities in the transits had left open the possibility of a second planet, although this now appears unlikely as well.. Orpheus, a figure who appears in Greek mythology as the son of Apollo and a Nymph, was known for his beautiful lyre playing which charmed the wild beasts, trees and rocks. Ovid tells a rather different story, saying that women, in retribution for Orpheus's rejection of marriage offers, ganged up and threw stones and spears. Orpheus swore he would never love another, and it may have been the steadfastness of this vow which caused certain wild women of Thrace to tear him limb from limb in a fit of jealousy. The Revenge on Maenads.  Only 7.7 parsecs distant, Vega is a Delta Scuti variable, varying between magnitudes −0.02 and 0.07 over 0.2 days.  On average, it is the second-brightest star of a northern hemisphere (after Arcturus) and the fifth-brightest star in all, surpassed only by Arcturus, Alpha Centauri, Canopus, and Sirius. The central star, V477 Lyrae, is an eclipsing post-common-envelope binary, consisting of a white dwarf primary and an oversized secondary component due to recent accretion. In the myth eurydice dies from a snake bite and Orpheus convinces Hades that she can go back with Orpheus by playing his lyre. According to some legends, Apollo gave Orpheus his first lyre.  The constellation's boundaries, as set by Belgian astronomer Eugène Delporte in 1930, are defined by a 17-sided polygon.  Kepler-37 is another star with an exoplanet discovered by Kepler; the planet is the smallest known extrasolar planet known as of February 2013. With his singing and playing he charmed the ferryman Charon and the dog Cerberus, guardians of the River Styx.
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